Digital Human Modeling and Simulation



Sofia Scataglini
Biomedical Engineer, PhD
European Ergonomist (Eur.Erg.)
Visiting professor in DHM and wearable for ergonomics, health, and wealth
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
DepartmentĀ of Rehabilitation Sciences and Physiotherapy
University of Antwerp
International Coordinator of the Center for Health and Technology (CHaT)
University of Antwerp
Founder of the Digital Human Modeling by Women group (DHMW)
Chair of TC in DHM and Simulation at IEA

Doc. Dr. Gregor Harih
Assistant professor and researcher
University of Maribor
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Smetanova ulica 17, 2000 Maribor, Slovenija
T: +386 2 220 7693

Contact either chair or co-chair for more information or to join this Technical Committee. New members are welcome.


Nowadays, digital modelling of physical humans and their behaviour has in
many ways and application areas matured from research into industrial
application. Nevertheless, a large potential for further development
remains. With regard to human simulation, digital human models (DHM) have
become commonly used tools in virtual prototyping and human-centred
product design. They support human-in-the-loop (HITL) ergonomic
evaluation of new product designs during the early design stages of a
product, by means of modeling anthropometry, posture, forces, motion,
muscular effort, or predicted discomfort. While DHM are currently still
largely stand-alone applications, future DHM will be dominated by fully
integrated CAE methods, realistic 3D design, and musculoskeletal and soft
tissue modelling all the way down to the micro-scale molecular processes
within single muscle fibres. Important aspects of current DHM research
are functional analysis, model integration, and task simulation. Digital
(“virtual”; “analytic”) humanoids provide streamlined and efficient
support of product testing and verification, allowing for task-dependent
performance and motion simulation. Beyond rigid body mechanics, soft
tissue modeling will become a standard in future DHM. When addressing
advanced issues beyond anthropometry and biomechanics in a holistic
perspective, human mental modeling, behaviours, abilities, and skills
must be considered in DHM. Recent projects have proposed a more
comprehensive approach to human modelling by implementing perceptual,
cognitive, and performance models, representing human behaviour on a
non-physiologic level. Through integration of algorithms from the
artificial intelligence domain, the vision of a virtual human will become




  1. To increase and foster the awareness of ergonomics in the development of DHM technology.
  2. To identify and share research needs in the field of digital human
  3. To share data, algorithms, tools, and methods in the digital human
    modelling community.
  4. To inform ergonomists and the general public about DHM technologies, and
    to promote the relevance of ergonomics to stakeholders in domains
    relevant to digital human modeling and simulation, such as product
    design, interaction design, human-machine-interface (HMI) engineering,
    marketing, and management.
  5. To organize an annual DHM symposium as a marketplace for basic and
    applied DHM research, and to promote commercial DHM solutions and related
  6. To support the IEA Triennial Congress through delivery of a DHM thematic
    track of research presentations.



Currently, the TC has 480 members from all over the world, primarily Europe, North America and Asia.

The TC meets once a year, typically in connection with an ergonomics conference or a related activity.

The TC supports the annual symposium on digital human modelling, focusing on the latest research findings and industrial applications of Digital Human Models